Current Date: 15 Aug,2022

Psychosocial Burden Among Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes: A Preliminary Report

BACKGROUND:

Adolescents with type 1 diabetes are faced with a complex set of challenges (developmental changes

and demands of the disease). This study was carried out to assess the role of psychological, behavioral and social concern among Iraqi adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

METHODS:

Adolescents with type 1 diabetes were enrolled in the study from different diabetic centers in Baghdad from  1st   June  to  21st   Dec.  2000.  Each  participant  was  interviewed  individually.  Full  information including  age,  sex,  duration,  sport  activity,  frequent  hospitalization,  visits  to  diabetic  clinic  and educational  level  were  included.  Psychological  burden  was  assessed  by  determination  of  social interaction, family interaction, mood, dissatisfaction with body image, emotions, stress and perception.

Univariate   analysis   was   used   to   examine   which   variables   were   associated   significantly   and dependently with psychosocial burden.

RESULTS:

A total of 160 adolescents with type 1 diabetes were included in the study. Their age was 15.1 ± 2.3

years,  53.8%  of  them  were  females.  76.9%  of  the  adolescents  reported  a  history  of  frequent hospitalization. Psychosocial burden was significantly associated with age and sport activity.

CONCLUSION:

The findings point to importance of psychosocial factors in management of diabetes. More research in

this  area  is  needed  to  develop  psychosocial  intervention  program  and  to  demonstrate  the  cost effectiveness of these approaches.

KEY WORDS: Adolescence, diabetes mellitus type1, psychosocial burden

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Anna Nikova
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Anna Nikova
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